Depression is not simply feeling low or sad. It is a genuine mental health concern that can be triggered by several causes. While sadness can be brief, depression will persist for at least two weeks or more. When depression persists, it may become a serious health condition and hamper an individual’s ability to function in many areas of life, including work and relationships.

Signs & Symptoms of Depression

Psychological Symptoms
  • Feeling sad or hopeless
  • Persistent anxiousness or ‘empty’ feelings
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, and/or helplessness
  • Having a hard time concentrating
  • Difficulty in recalling details
  • Difficulty in making decisions
  • Loss of interest in once pleasurable activities or hobbies
  • Restlessness, agitation, irritability
  • Suicidal thoughts
Physical Symptoms
  • Fatigue and decreased energy
  • Insomnia or excessive sleeping
  • Persistent aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems
  • Overeating/weight gain and loss of appetite/weight loss


  • Seek professional help as soon as possible.
  • Engage in regular physical exercise or activities that can help enhance your mood.
  • Set realistic goals for yourself by breaking down large tasks into smaller ones.
  • Try not to isolate yourself and spend time with a trusted friend or family member.
  • Increase your awareness about the illness by learning from trusted sources.
  • Expect your mood to improve gradually and not immediately.


  • Offer emotional support, understanding, patience and encouragement.
  • Listen without judging the person.
  • Never dismiss the individual’s feelings or undermine what they are going through.
  • If references to suicide or self-harm are made, reach out to a mental health professional immediately.
  • Ensure the person is not left alone as far as possible.
  • Urge the person to seek professional support. Remind them that with time and professional help depression can be overcome.

Frequently Asked Questions

Know more about the conditions that can and might co-exist with depression.



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